Coronavirus. What is a pandemic?

Updated: Apr 26, 2020

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has announced a coronavirus pandemic. What is the difference between a pandemic and an epidemic, and when can it be announced? What does this mean for the sick?


Pandemic - what are the reasons for the announcement?


In the event of a pandemic, the extent of the virus is primarily critical. If a given disease poses a threat to people living in different parts of the world, these are the first reasons to recognise that we are dealing with a pandemic. For the official announcement of a pandemic, it is necessary to meet a few additional conditions. Diseases that have been identified as pandemics are primarily characterised by their spreading rate and long contagious period, which also includes the time when patients have no signs of infection.


Pandemic is announced very rarely because of the very firepower of the word makes a huge impression. In this regard, the World Health Organisation approached this very conservatively. Until today. The CEO, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, passed on information about the coronavirus pandemic.


The development of a pandemic occurs in four stages: